Cannabis is a natural plant with two leading compounds – THC and CBD. Both compounds have similar properties and are used to alleviate similar conditions. They are gotten from the same plant but react differently in the body.
The effect of each compound determines what condition you can use it for. For instance, THC is more effective for energy and focus, while CBD products available at brands like FAB CBD
reduce fatigue and improve relaxation. The differences may not be clear for a new marijuana user because of the similarities. Also, new users may confuse the difference in THC level in a product and the expected result. However, before using any of the compounds, it's best to know if it's legal, the THC level, and the effect or conditions you're working on.
• What is THC?
THC, also named delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the active chemical in cannabis. It contains a high effect that stimulates the body, creating euphoric epics. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) informs that the chemical acts on the brain to increase the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter. The neurotransmitter is responsible for mood swings which cause pleasure or sadness. THC is consumed in different ways, such as capsules, oils, edibles, vaping, and even smoking.
Those with an existing health condition are advised to avoid the substance. THC can cause or increase existing medical conditions. It can also react differently when combined with some medications like painkillers. The reaction of CBD with other pain medication can cause detrimental health complications. Be careful when consuming these products, or it's better to sit and talk with your doctor before implementing THC in your diet.
• What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, shortened as CBD, is a naturally occurring chemical compound in cannabis. The substance is the second highest chemical present in the plant. Researchers figured it out in 1940, and the trend hasn't stopped as its effects on different medical conditions. It's either extracted from hemp or marijuana plants. Hemp-based CBD has a higher amount of THC, unlike marijuana-based CBD.
Cannabidiol is extracted from Cannabis Sativa with different CBD and THC levels.
- Type I Sativa has the presence of 0.3% THC but less than 0.5% CBD.
- Type II Sativa is present with 0.3% THC and 0.5% CBD.
- Type III Sativa is present with 0.3% THC but more than 0.5% CBD.
Type I and Type II Sativa have more marijuana properties, unlike type III, which is extracted from hemp. The substance is still illegal in most parts of America except the one extracted from the hemp plant.
However, you may experience some side effects when you take CBD, especially if you are on another medication. Although the side effects are mild compared to THC products, consult your doctor before starting the medication to be on the safer side.
• Benefits of THC
THC is considered medical marijuana, and it's effective for many health conditions such as;
- Nausea, especially those caused by cancer symptoms
- Poor appetites as a result of cancer
- Pain relief caused by fibromyalgia, migraine headache, and arthritis
This substance has also been infused in some drugs to increase their effectiveness in some conditions like;
- Marginal and Sydros contain dronabinol, a synthetic THC used to alleviate nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy.
- Cesamet is also gotten from a synthetic THC called nabilone. The drug is effective in weight loss and appetite caused by chemotherapy or HIV/AIDS.
• Benefits of CBD
Both chemical compounds have similar properties and use for almost the same medical conditions. But CBD is more effective on symptoms caused by;
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Some drugs contain CBD like;
- Epidiolex has been approved as a suitable medication for patients with seizures caused by epilepsy – Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndrome.
CBD and THC both exist in the cannabis plant but on different levels. THC has the highest level, while CBD is the second highest, followed by other cannabinoids in the plant. The significant difference between CBD and THC is that THC tends to make a user high while CBD lacks the effect.
Familiarizing oneself with the difference is advisable to avoid confusion and misuse. Also, according to law, it is essential to know the state's stand on using any product containing THC or CBD. Both compounds are yet to be federally legalized and are not even accepted for either medical or recreational use in some states.