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Portugal´s Secret Police

Peniche prison entranceIt is well known that the Estado Novo, the new constitution introduced by Portugal´s dictator, António de Oliveira Salazar, made provision for a secret police force. This police force was first known as the PVDE (Policia de Vigilância e Defesa do Estado: 1933-45), later as PIDE (Policia Internacional e de Defesa do Estado: 1945-69) and lastly as DGS (Direção Geral de Segurança: 1969-74).

History & Culture of Portugal - Part 5

History & Culture of Portugal, Part 5 - The Moors in Portugal.The Moors in Portugal. Al-Andalus” (“land of the vandals”). Prior to Moorish rule, the Iberian Peninsula was ruled by the Visigoths. The Moors, under Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Muslim ruler of Tangier, invaded Portugal and Spain in the year 711 AD.

History & Culture of Portugal - Part 4

HISTORY & CULTURE OF PORTUGAL - PART 4The Suebis and Visigoths in Portugal. Al-Andalus - “land of the vandals" - During the Dark Ages following the fall of Rome, Germanic tribes controlled the territory between the 5th and 8th centuries, including the Kingdom of the Suebi centred in Braga and the Visigothic Kingdom in the south.

Three Remarkable Escapes from Salazar´s Prisons

THREE REMARKABLE ESCAPES FROM SALAZAR´S PRISONSAfter the military coup of 1926, and during the Salazar dictatorship, there were dozens of prisons in Portugal and its Overseas Provinces dedicated to the incarceration of political prisoners.  The most famous is the purpose built prison camp at Tarrafal in Cabo Verde. 

History & Culture of Portugal - Part 3

History & Culture of Portugal - Part 3.The Romans in Portugal - Province of Hispania Ulterior, then Lusitania. The first Roman invasion of the Iberian Peninsula occurred in 219 BC. Within 200 years, almost the entire peninsula had been annexed to the Roman Republic, starting the Romanization of Hispania.

History & Culture of Portugal - Part 2

HISTORY & CULTURE OF PORTUGAL - PART 2Carthage & Portugal - Phoenician City-State in Tunisia. An ancient Phoenician city-state and civilization located in present-day Tunisia. Carthage was founded around 814 BC as a colony of Tyre, it was one of the richest and most powerful cities in antiquity, and the centre of a major commercial and maritime empire that dominated the western Mediterranean until the mid third century BC.

History & Culture of Portugal - Part 1

HISTORY & CULTURE OF PORTUGAL - PART 1The word Portugal derives from the Roman-Celtic place name Portus Cale. Around 200 BC, the Romans under general Decimus Brutus took the Iberian Peninsula from the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, and in the process conquered Cale and renamed it Portus Cale around 136 BC.

The Methuen Treaties

John MethuenThe Methuen Commercial Treaty agreed between Portugal and England at the end of 1703 is often singled out as a cause of Portugal’s structural backwardness, but matters are not so straightforward.