Prospective buyers looking to purchase in Portugal are being warned to undertake thorough research before signing on the dotted line.
Overseas property expert Simon Conn, who has been in the business for 40 years, has seen an increase in the number of buyers not carrying out thorough checks and has compiled a list of the top issues to look out for.
Ask questions about where a property has been built
For example, if it has been built on an area that should have been set aside for green belt or agricultural land, then the chances are there is a risk. Make sure you take advice from an independent English-speaking lawyer – preferably not from the same area as the property.
In some cases, there can be problems with properties that have been constructed with the wrong permits, granted as a result of corruption, or with no permits at all. An independent lawyer should be able to save you the heartache of seeing your newly purchased dream home demolished.
Research the background of the property’s location
You may be surprised to learn about the chances of earthquakes or volcanic activity, or it may be in a poor neighbourhood, loud nightlife, or have commercial units nearby with associated activity.
Planning permission and licences
Consider planning permission and which licences the property needs. Not having the correct licences could have an impact on what utilities you can obtain.
This is a common problem. Always obtain an independent valuation, ideally from a qualified surveyor, even if it is a new property, as this will highlight any problems. Beware that new properties can sometimes be built in poor soil and with insufficient foundations, substandard building materials, or in dubious locations such as floodplains.
One of the most important warnings when purchasing abroad is when it comes to contracts. It is common to only receive one contract in the local language, in which case, you must have a professional translation completed. If you are given two copies of a contract which include the original and a supposed translation, get the translation checked by a professional.
Always get your finance approved in principle before signing a contract and if you are applying for a mortgage, ensure any contract signed is “subject to finance”. This will help you recover an initial deposit if you are turned down during the mortgage process due to financial analysis, valuation and legal issues.
Renting out your property
If you are buying a property to rent out, consider the cost of maintaining the property. Decide if it is worth employing a managing agent to look after it for you but do not forget to factor in their costs as it will reduce your profit.
How often do you intend to visit the property yourself to ensure it is kept up to date? If it is a long term let, think about the wear and tear on furniture and other fixed goods.
Distance away – if the property is a long way from your main home, you may need to get there to sort out any major problems.
Who is going to vet your tenants? If they damage your property, you must have suitable cover and a deposit in place. Make sure you know what licenses are needed in the area as you may not even be allowed to rent out your property there. If you can, additional licences may be required.
Decide who will own the property. Will it be in single or joint names, company and/or trust ownership?
Make a Will locally to cover aspects such as inheritance tax and check local tax issues relating to capital gains etc.
Investigate your builder
If purchasing a new property, look into the builder’s past experience and how these properties have fared over time. Take referrals and feedback from previous purchasers.
Finally, think about how easy it would be to sell the property you are purchasing according to how buoyant the local property market tends to be.
Do not be put off buying overseas – it should be no different to buying at home. Just take the relevant precautions to ensure that you are minimising the risks.