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Portugal Day - why June 10th is a public holiday

portugalPortugal Day, or more properly ‘Dia de Portugal, de Camões e das Comunidades Portuguesas,’ is a national holiday celebrated annually on June 10th.

Although officially observed only in Portugal, Portuguese citizens and emigrants throughout the world celebrate the day as it commemorates the death of national literary icon Luís de Camões in 1580.

Camões wrote Os Lusíadas, Portugal's national epic poem celebrating Portuguese history and achievements. (HERE)

The poem focuses mainly on the C15th Portuguese explorations which brought fame and more importantly, riches into the country. The poem is considered one of the most important works in Portuguese literature and became a symbol for the great feats of the Portuguese Empire.

Camões was an adventurer who lost one eye fighting in Ceuta, wrote the poem while travelling, and survived a shipwreck in Cochinchina, present-day Vietnam. According to folklore Camões saved his epic poem by swimming with one arm while keeping the other arm above water. Since his date of birth is unknown, the date of his death is celebrated as Portugal's National Day.

Although Camões became a symbol for Portugal nationalism, his death coincided with the Portuguese succession crisis of 1580 that resulted in Philip II of Spain claiming the Portuguese throne. Portugal was then ruled by three generations of Spanish kings during the Iberian Union (1580–1640).

On December 1st 1640, the country regained its independence by expelling the Spanish during the Portuguese Restoration War and making João of Bragança, King João  IV of Portugal.

During Salazar’s authoritarian Estado Novo regime in the 20th century, Camões was used as a symbol for the Portuguese nation.

Portugal Day celebrations were officially suspended during the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Celebrations resumed after 1974 and were expanded to include the Comunidades Portuguesas, Portuguese emigrants and their descendants living in communities all around the world, 3.75 million of them.

Portugal’s embassies, with the support of the Camões Institute, ensure the day is celebrated with a wide range of musical events across the world.

In Europe, America and Africa there are festivities, exhibitions and concerts as Portugal’s emigrants and their children celebrate the day.

Portuguese is the official language in Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Macau, Cape Verde, and São Tomé and Príncipe. With Portugal’s 10.6 million population, the total worldwide figure for Portuguese speaking populations is 259 million.

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Comments  

0 #9 charly 2019-06-11 17:56
Ladies and gentlemen: why don't you stop this kindergarten blablablabla ? It's really ennoying and at the same time ridiculous as 99% of all this is purely "speculation and guessing". Not nice !
+3 #8 AL 2019-06-11 14:34
Quoting Historyman:
We hear nothing as Portugal's "fair and accommodating" handover of Macao is decades too soon. Macao, by piggy backing on Hong Kong's arrangement, had until 2049 before it was to be officially returned to China.

Sillyman! Macau was handed over to china in 1999. However Portugal and China agreed that Macau will maintain a high degree of autonomy for 50 years which will expire in 2049. The same agreement was done for Hong Kong.
-1 #7 Boris H 2019-06-11 14:29
Quoting Historyman:
We hear nothing as Portugal's "fair and accommodating" handover of Macao is decades too soon. Macao, by piggy backing on Hong Kong's arrangement, had until 2049 before it was to be officially returned to China. Quite an achievement, but entirely understandable given Portugal's contribution so far to the EU's development, for the Portuguese 'influence' to evaporate so quickly!
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_country,_two_systems

..............................
I am sure there are people who simply don't care about this comment ........
But, just for the record, could you explain, what contributions to the EU has to do with China !!
-2 #6 Historyman 2019-06-11 05:44
We hear nothing as Portugal's "fair and accommodating" handover of Macao is decades too soon. Macao, by piggy backing on Hong Kong's arrangement, had until 2049 before it was to be officially returned to China. Quite an achievement, but entirely understandable given Portugal's contribution so far to the EU's development, for the Portuguese 'influence' to evaporate so quickly!
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_country,_two_systems
+1 #5 Darcy 2019-06-10 22:21
[quote name="Maxwell"]Strange of Charly to connect the UK to Portugal yet again - as though the similarities have not been repeatedly proved negligible. A good current example that does not involve either country is the world now watching millions of today's Hong Kong Chinese fighting to keep some degree of self determination. The British had left behind some control and decision making over their lives at all levels of society and so today fighting to keep this and an identity different to mainland Chinese.

(Total silence from the Macao Chinese as getting instructions and direction from Lisbon was never any different then to today getting these from Beijing)
............................
Hong Kong is unfortunately, for it, a former British colony and it is entirely up Britain to lend a helping hand to it's former colony instead of ignoring the hardship of these people.
Portugal on the other hand, seems to have had a fair and accommodating handover of it's former colony of Macho.
-1 #4 Maxwell 2019-06-10 19:35
Strange of Charly to connect the UK to Portugal yet again - as though the similarities have not been repeatedly proved negligible. A good current example that does not involve either country is the world now watching millions of today's Hong Kong Chinese fighting to keep some degree of self determination. The British had left behind some control and decision making over their lives at all levels of society and so today fighting to keep this and an identity different to mainland Chinese. Total silence from the Macao Chinese as getting instructions and direction from Lisbon was never any different then to today getting these from Beijing!
-2 #3 Historyman 2019-06-10 16:31
Carlos ... the earlier comment was mainly about the Treaty of Westphalia and how, although not involving Portugal, it unintentionally helped 'free' the Portuguese from Spain by them establishing 'alliances' with major European powers including re-establishing that with the British whom Portugal had attacked without provocation some 70 years before in the Armada. But if it is Belgium's recent election results that is upsetting you then correct Euractiv amongst many others about their 'fake news'. Check out https://www.euractiv.com/section/eu-elections-2019/news/belgian-black-sunday-sees-far-right-surge-threatening-new-government-crisis/
0 #2 charly 2019-06-10 10:59
Historyman… what **** is this: "today's basket case of feuding that even now sees Belgium, the seat of the EU, without a functioning governement"...
The elections in Belgium took place on 27 May
and today already 3 (out of the 7) governements already have been constituted and the others are "under negotiation" nowadays. I think your expression "today's basket case of feuding" is far more applicable to the UK governement that clearly seems to operate as a "pure kindergarten".
Tell me, why is this fake and colored news good for ?
-2 #1 Historyman 2019-06-10 09:42
Particularly relevant to the restoration of Portuguese Independence is a highly significant event in Europe that had been distracting the Spanish and did not involve the Portuguese at all. The 1648 Treaty of Westphalia that, amongst much else, began clearing the Spanish out of the Low Countries but left today's basket case of feuding that even now sees Belgium, the seat of the EU, without a functioning government. It is seen by many as beginning the end of Spanish importance and relevance, most obviously north of the Pyrenees. Events increasingly happening to the Spanish outside of their control like, 50 years later, handing over Gibraltar to the British.
The Portuguese not invited to the Treaty of Westphalia as it did not involve them but since shaping their collective sense of being outsiders; not actually European which so influences their general attitude to today's give and take of being in a European Union. Quite topical.

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